Culver Q-14A

  Base model:Q-14
  Designation System:U.S. Air Force
  Designation Period:1948-1962
  Basic role:Aerial Target
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 BRAULT Armel-Guillaume
Culver PQ-14/Q-14/TD2C
In 1942 Culver designed a larger and more powerful derivative of their PQ-8/TDC Cadet target as the model NR-D. A single PQ-8 was converted to the new configuration and tested by the USAAF as the XPQ-14. This was followed by YPQ-14A service test aircraft and more than 1400 PQ-14A production models. Of the latter, about 1200 were transferred to the U.S. Navy, which designated them as TD2C-1 Turkey.

The PQ-14A was powered by a Franklin O-300-11 piston engine and had a retractable tricycle landing gear. Like the PQ-8, it was flown manned for ferry or check-out flights, and by radio-control from the ground as a target drone.

Photo: Aerofiles

The YPQ-14B was a slightly heavier variant, which was followed by a production run of more than 1100 PQ-14B targets for the USAAF. A single PQ-14B was converted to use an O-300-9 engine and designated XPQ-14C.

Photo: Kenneth W. Shanaberger, Ken's Aviation
PQ-14A/B (exact model unknown)

In 1948, the U.S. Air Force redesignated the remaining PQ-14A and PQ-14B drones as Q-14A and Q-14B, respectively. A few Q-14Bs were converted to drone control aircraft (presumably to control other Q-14s) and designated DQ-14B. The latter were always flown by an on-board pilot. The last Q-14s left the USAF inventory around 1950.

Note: Data given by several sources show slight variations. Figures given below may therefore be inaccurate!

Data for PQ-14B (Q-14B):

Length 5.94 m (19 ft 6 in)
Wingspan 9.14 m (30 ft)
Height 2.54 m (8 ft 4 in)
Weight 830 kg (1830 lb)
Speed 300 km/h (185 mph)
Ceiling 5200 m (17000 ft)
Range 580 km (360 miles)
Propulsion Franklin O-300-11 piston engine; 111 kW (150 hp)

04/27/2005 @ 06:33 [ref: 10049]